Teaching in italian
Subject area
Reference degree course
Course type
Master's Degree
Teaching hours
Frontal Hours: 54.0
Academic year
Year taught
Course year
Reference professor for teaching
CATALDO Andrea Maria

Teaching description

Electronics, Signal Theory, Electromagnetic fields, Electronic Measurements.

The course provides the basic concepts for a correct use of measurement instrumentation adopted in testing, diagnostics and metrological characterization of components, devices and telecommunication systems.

Instrumentation and measurement methods mainly adopted in the field of TLC applications will be presented, analysed and used.

The course also includes several practical laboratory sessions.

1) Knowledge and understanding

The course describes methods and models in the field of measurement systems and apparata with a specific focus on TLC. Students must have basic knowledge related to electronics, electronic components, signal theory. They should know the main electronic architectures and signal acquisition systems operating both in time and frequency domains. They should be able to deal efficiently with practical applications and measurement issues with a specific skill to cope with the intrinsic limitation between theoretical models and practical cases.

2) Applying knowledge and understanding

At the end of the course, the student should be able to apply rigorously the basic and most important concepts related to metrology for a generic measurement process. Specifically, the student should be able to correctly use measurement instrumentations adopted in testing, diagnostics and characterization of components, devices and telecommunication systems.

3) Making judgements

Students will possess the ability to identify the operating modalities for correlating a theoretical concept or model with the most appropriate practical context. The course promotes the development of independent judgment suitable to appropriately choose the measurement technique as well as the critical ability to interpret the goodness of the results of the models/methods applied to the datasets under examination.

4) Communication

Through the methodologic tools provided in the course and, in particular, those addressed during the laboratory sessions, students will be able to communicate with an appropriate technical terminology so as to proficiently deal with all the issues related to measurements, data acquisition and processing, testing activity and results.

Additionally, thanks to the laboratory sessions, the students will have the opportunity to draft autonomously a technical report describing the practical and theoretical issues related to the discussed topics.

5) Learning skills

Students must acquire the critical ability to relate, with originality and autonomy, to the typical problems of measuring a quantity, characterizing a TLC signal and testing electronic devices and components. They will also be able to use instrumentation and measurement methods largely adopted in the field of TLC applications and they should be able to apply autonomously the knowledge and methods learned in view both of a possible PhD courses as well as of a professional career.

The couse is highly characterised by a practical approach thus, in addition to traditional lessons, several practical laboratory sessions are carried out.

Oral and practical exam, including the production of a technical report describing the laboratory xperiments.

On appointment; contact the professor by email.


1) Basic principles of measurement and metrology

- Measurement definitions

- Measurement concepts of errors, uncertainty, metrologic characterization

- Probabilistic approach to measurement theory

- Uncertainty definitions and evaluation methods

- Metrological characterization of instrumentation

- Instrument specifications, errors and uncertainties


2) Sampling and AD/DA Conversion

- Theoretical principles of sampling

- Sampling in real cases and practical issues

- Sampling of one-shot and periodic signals

- Errors and non-idealities in sampling

- Theoretical principles of A/D and D/A conversion

- Quantization, errors and non-idealities

- A/D and D/A signal characteristics

- Principles, characteristics and architectures of main A/D Converters

- Sigma/Delta converters and noise shaping technique


3) Oscilloscopes and time-domain measurements

- Basics, functionalities and architectures of DSO (Digital Storage Oscilloscopes)

- Equivalent-time sampling (sequential and syncronous modality)

- Issues on practical use of instruments operating in time domain


4) Spectrum analyzers and frequency-domain measurements

- Basics, functionalities and architectures of spectrum analyzers

- Frequency-domain analysis of generic signals, modulated signals and related parameters

- Noise analysis, characterizaion and related parameters


5) Networks and transmission line measurements

- Time and frequency domain reflectometry

- Vector network analyzers and scattering parameters



1) Oscilloscopes and time-domain measurements

- Measurements and characterization of various components, devices and systems (i.e.: impedances, passive and active filters, amplifiers, oscillators).


2) Spectrum analyzers and frequency-domain measurements

- Basic measurements on sample signals (sinusoidal signals, distorted signals, etc.)

- Measurements of typical parameters TLC signals (THD, SNR, signal tracking, etc.)

- Measurements of typical parameters in modulated signals


3)Networks and transmission lines measurements

- TDR measurement examples and estimation of parameters in transmission lines

- Scattering parameters measurements in time and frequency domains


4) Automatic test equipments and data acquisition

- Automatic acquisition of measurement data from components and devices

- Characterization and automatic acquisition of ADC parameters

[1] Notes directly provided by the Lecturer

[2] Cataldo, De Benedetto, Cannazza, "Broadband Reflectometry for Enhanced Diagnostics and Monitoring Applications", Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering,Springer Verlag, 2011

Second Semester (dal 04/03/2019 al 04/06/2019)

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